Thursday night — just as Twitter was coming down from Scandal's midseason finale, and it's hard to think of this as a coincidence — Beyonce dropped an album out of nowhere. The news ricocheted through social media. People called it Bey Day and Christmas come early. In a Facebook post, Beyonce herself tied it to "Thriller," the 13-minute-long video that premiered on MTV in December 1983, when she was 2 years old.
How did one of pop's biggest stars pull off the entertainment world's version of an October surprise? All Things Considered host Melissa Block spoke with Jason King, musician and professor at NYU's Clive Davis Institute of Recorded Music about the album's sudden release. "It feels very social," King says. "This is very much in line with what's happening right now in marketing, which is this idea of marketing without marketing, or anti-marketing, where you appear to be just delivering your product directly to the consumer without any mediation. Now, clearly there is mediation from the record label and so on. There had to be — this didn't just appear on iTunes or in retail stores automatically, there's some mediation. But it appears, it feels as if she's giving a gift to her fans right at the holiday gift-giving time. This seems like a direct gift from the celebrity to the consumer, in a way that I think is going to benefit her. She seems extremely altruistic actually for doing this."
How did she manage to keep the album's release under wraps? "That itself is a secret," says King. "I'm sure we'll find out pretty soon exactly how she managed to keep this under wraps for so long."
Music fans have long known Beyonce was at work on an album, but as the weeks crept by this fall, most assumed it was scheduled for an early 2014 release — traditionally, the music industry avoids putting out new music at the very end of the year. But, says King, following tradition hasn't worked out so well this year.
"This was a very crowded year for pop music releases, particularly from female artists," King says, referring to Katy Perry's Roar, Lady Gaga's ARTPOP and Miley Cyrus' Bangerz. "All of those albums — they spent a lot of money on the marketing and promotion of them, and they did well, but not perhaps as well as the industry predicted or assumed they would. So here you have an instance of, 'Why not try to release something in a very very different way?' With no advance marketing, so you're saving a lot of money. You're riding on the wave of Beyonce's existing success. She's been on tour for about a year. The audience is out there already, waiting for new stuff to come out. But to deliver it in such a way that it's a surprise: It's a shock to people and it becomes an event."
The event of it all dulls the sticker shock — if you want new Beyonce songs this week, you have to buy the whole album, which comes with 17 music videos, and it'll cost you $15.99. No 99-cent songs. Journalists and critics haven't had much time to digest the album, but, says King, from what he's heard, the album wasn't made on the cheap.
"I think it's really artful. There's a track with Frank Ocean that I think is a real standout. The videos look fantastic. They're very high-end. This isn't just some quick thing she put together to get it out to the marketplace so that she could have something available before the end of 2013. This is deeply considered music that really does raise the artistic barrier, particularly for R&B this year, which has been not a great year artistically."
And, says King, releasing all the songs together is an old model that's worked recently in other media.
"She's basically batch-releasing her videos and her music. In other words, this is very much in keeping with what you see on television now, where Netflix will create an original series like House of Cards and, instead of just releasing one episode at a time, all the episodes are available initially as soon as it launches. You can watch on your own time."
So it's not so much the cloak and dagger routine that makes the release of an unexpected Beyonce album news; it's the innovation in distribution.
"It gives her a kind of auteur, sophisticated status, at least in terms of her relationship to innovation," he says. "We're now going to be able to talk about her in the same way that we talk about a Radiohead, or a Trent Reznor, in terms of their innovation — not with music exclusively, but with distribution. They're distribution innovators."
To be clear, all three of those acts breathe rarefied air. "This is only for the superstar artists. Only for the people who've already been the beneficiaries of a lot of major-label marketing money," King says.
Beyonce is notorious for controlling her image; and, in a way, releasing the album the way she has and controlling her own hype, very deliberately, is the ultimate act of control. King points out, though, that that doesn't have to be a negative observation: "It fits into the whole narrative of concealment that surrounds her, but at the same time I don't really consider it to be troubling, so much as just really smart and really savvy. It's very careerist. She's always been a careerist and a pragmatist. She knows what she's going for. She has a very strong career vision as much as she does an artistic vision, and I just see this as being part of that. It's a real gangsta move."
MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:
The news came just before midnight and ricocheted through social media: Beyonce has a new album. It was the best-kept secret in pop music. There had been no advance word, no publicity machine ginning up interest, no interviews.
(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "XO")
BLOCK: The album, titled simply "Beyonce," is available exclusively online on iTunes for the next week. And if you want it now, you have to buy the whole album, which comes with 17 music videos. You can't just download a single. Joining me to talk about what Beyonce has done here is Jason King. He teaches at the Clive Davis Institute of Recorded Music at New York University. He's also a musician. Professor King, welcome to the program.
JASON KING: Thank you. Glad to be here.
BLOCK: First of all, how did Beyonce keep this a secret, do you think?
KING: Well, that itself is a secret.
KING: So I'm sure we'll find out pretty soon exactly how she managed to keep this under wraps for so long. It's obviously really hard to do that because we're in an age now where music can leak so quickly. But she managed to keep it very secretive and how she did that is the subject of mystery itself.
BLOCK: Well, Beyonce explains why she released her album this way. She posted a video on her Facebook page. And she mentioned remembering when Michael Jackson's "Thriller" video premiered, watching that on TV. Here's what she says.
: I miss that immersive experience. Now, people only listen to a few seconds of a song on their iPods. They don't really invest in a whole album. It's all about the single and the hype.
BLOCK: So she's talking there about, you know, trying to bypass the hype. But in a way, this really is - it's its own hype, right? And it's coming right before Christmas and at the height of the shopping season.
KING: Absolutely. I mean, I think it works for her for a few reasons. One, she's already a huge superstar. She's iconic. She has a built-in fan base and they will buy whatever she puts out, regardless of even the quality of the product, to some degree. And then also this is very much in line with what's happening right now in marketing, which is this idea of marketing without marketing or anti-marketing, where you appear to be just delivering your product directly to the consumer without any mediation. Now, clearly, there is mediation, but it appears - it feels like as if she's giving a gift to her fans right at the holiday gift-giving time.
BLOCK: But the notion that this is a gift directly from Beyonce to her fans - if it's a gift, it's a gift that costs 16 bucks. I mean, you know, this is not free and there's a calculation there, right?
KING: Absolutely. I mean, she's not giving it away. But at the same time, you know, she's not beating us over the head with months and months of promotion and teasing. And it feels, in some way, like something we weren't expecting but we're really happy to have it if you're a fan of Beyonce. And so that's, I mean, it's a cliche but people would buy the phonebook if she sang it.
KING: But, you know, I think it remains to be seen the long-term effectiveness of this kind of strategy.
BLOCK: Is there any part of this that bothers you? I mean, she is - Beyonce is notorious for controlling her image. And in a way, this is the ultimate control, right, releasing this the way she has and controlling her own hype very deliberately.
KING: I don't really consider it to be troubling so much as just really smart and really savvy. It's a real kind of gangsta move at the end of 2013. If that's a bad thing, so be it. But I think with her, it just adds to the dimensions of her iconicity.
BLOCK: Jason King, it's good to talk to you. Thank you so much.
KING: Thanks for having me.
BLOCK: Jason King teaches at the Clive Davis Institute of Recorded Music at New York University.
(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "JEALOUS") Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.