Latin America
12:40 pm
Wed March 28, 2012

Pope Wraps Up Cuba Visit With Mass, Castro Meeting

In the last public event of his three-day visit to the island, Pope Benedict XVI called on Cuba, and the world, to change and choose a path of "love, reconciliation and brotherhood."

After the Mass, the pontiff met with Fidel Castro for a half-hour before departing for Rome, wrapping up a weeklong trip to Mexico and Cuba.

The pope did not meet with Cuban dissidents during his trip, however, drawing criticism from Castro opponents in Cuba and abroad.

The site where the pope delivered Wednesday's Mass — Havana's Plaza of the Revolution — is the same place where Castro, the retired but still influential Communist revolutionary leader, delivered countless speeches over the decades.

The scene Wednesday morning felt somewhat like a political rally — though instead of "Revolution" or "Socialism or Death," the huge banners draped from government buildings carried messages such as "Jesus of Mary" and "Charity Unites Us."

The police presence was heavy and seemed to weigh on the event. It was a sign authorities wanted to keep a tight lid on the proceedings and make sure there weren't any protests or other disturbances by government opponents.

Benedict arrived at the plaza waving from his white popemobile and split the crowd as he headed to a custom-built stage.

Religious Freedom

Reading from his homily in Spanish, Benedict urged Cubans to find truth in God and freedom in the path of Jesus Christ. He also encouraged the Cuban government to strengthen protections for religious freedoms on the island, saying it establishes solid foundations for the rights of future generations.

"The right to freedom of religion, both in its private and public dimension, manifests the unity of the human being, who is at once a citizen and a believer," Benedict said.

If critics of the Castro government were looking for a more direct challenge to Cuba's one-party state and a push for greater political freedoms, Benedict did not deliver. To form a more worthy and free nation, he said, quoting from 19th-century Cuban priest Felix Varela, the island needs a deeper spiritual life.

"Cuba and the world need change," Benedict said, "but this will occur only if each one is in a position to seek the truth and choose the way of love, sowing reconciliation and brotherhood."

Wednesday's crowd was estimated in the hundreds of thousands but felt small for a typical Cuban mass rally. The government had declared a national holiday and encouraged many workers to attend.

For both Cuban President Raul Castro and the Catholic Church, Benedict's visit seemed like a success, finding common ground in a message of anti-consumerism, Cuban unity and gradual reform.

Alexander Espinosa, a devout 24-year-old, had traveled from one end of the island to the other to attend all of Benedict's public events.

"To me Benedict's message has been very clear," Espinosa said. "It's for Cuba's youth to carry on Pope John Paul II's legacy, and to lead this society forward."

Few in the crowd seemed to hear an especially political message in Benedict's visit, and it's unclear if he'll leave the kind of lasting impression with believers and nonbelievers that his predecessor, John Paul II, did in his 1998 visit. Mary Martinez, 60, said for her, Benedict's words were spiritual.

"A message of peace and love," Martinez said. "That's it."

Copyright 2012 National Public Radio. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

In Havana today, Cubans gathered in the Plaza of the Revolution for Mass with Pope Benedict. It was the last public event in the pope's three-day visit to the island. He called on Cuba and the world to choose a path of love, reconciliation and brotherhood.

Nick Miroff has the story from Havana.

NICK MIROFF, BYLINE: The plaza where the pope spoke is the same site where Fidel Castro delivered countless speeches over the years. And the scene this morning felt a bit like a political rally, only the huge banners draped from government buildings didn't say "revolution" or "socialism or death," but carried messages like Jesus of Mary and Charity Unites Us.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (Foreign language spoken)

MIROFF: The pope is here, you can hear him, you can feel him, was the message to the crowd.

A heavy police presence could also be felt and seemed to weigh on the event. It was a sign authorities wanted to keep a tight lid on things and make sure there weren't any signs of protests or other disturbances by government opponents. Benedict arrived at the plaza waving from his white popemobile and split the crowd as he headed to a custom-built stage.

POPE BENEDICT XVI: (Foreign language spoken)

CROWD: Amen.

POPE BENEDICT: (Foreign language spoken)

MIROFF: Reading from his homily in Spanish, Benedict urged Cubans to find truth in God and freedom in the path of Jesus Christ. He also encouraged the Cuban government to strengthen protections for religious freedoms on the island, saying it establishes solid foundations for the rights of future generations.

POPE BENEDICT: (Foreign language spoken)

MIROFF: The right to freedom of religion, both in its private and public dimension, manifests the unity of the human being, who is at once a citizen and a believer, Benedict said.

If critics of the Castro government were looking for a more direct challenge to Cuba's one-party state and a push for greater political freedoms, Benedict did not deliver. To form a more worthy and free nation, he said, quoting from 19th-century Cuban priest Felix Varela, the island needs a deeper spiritual life.

POPE BENEDICT: (Foreign language spoken)

MIROFF: Cuba and the world need change, Benedict said, but this will occur only if each one is in a position to seek the truth and choose the way of love, sowing reconciliation and brotherhood.

Wednesday's crowd was estimated in the hundreds of thousands but felt small for a typical Cuban mass rally. The government had declared a national holiday and encouraged many workers to attend. For both President Raul Castro and the church, Benedict's visit seemed like a success, finding common ground in a message of anti-consumerism, Cuban unity and gradual reform.

Alexander Espinosa, a devout 24-year-old, had traveled from one end of the island to the other to attend all of Benedict's public events.

ALEXANDER ESPINOSA: (Foreign language spoken)

MIROFF: To me Benedict's message has been very clear, Espinosa said. It's for Cuba's youth to carry on Pope John Paul II's legacy, and to lead this society forward.

Few in the crowd seemed to hear an especially political message in Benedict's visit. And it's not clear if he'll leave the kind of lasting impression with believers and nonbelievers that his predecessor did in his 1998 visit. Sixty-year-old Mary Martinez said, for her, Benedict's words were spiritual.

MARY MARTINEZ: (Foreign language spoken)

MIROFF: A message of peace and love, Martinez said. That's it.

Pope Benedict did not meet with Cuban dissidents during his trip, drawing criticism from Castro opponents here and abroad. Human rights activists said more than 150 dissidents had been detained in the days during and before the pope's visit. Benedict did meet briefly with Fidel Castro before his departure back to Rome.

For NPR News, I'm Nick Miroff in Havana.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

BLOCK: More ALL THINGS CONSIDERED coming up in a moment. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright National Public Radio.